On this page you will find many strategies and policies which support Special Educational Needs and Disabilities (SEND)
The SEND Code of Practice describes the principles used by professionals working with children and young people who have SEN or disabilities.
- taking into account the views of children, young people and their families
- enabling children, young people and their parents to take part in decision making
- collaborating with partners in education, health and social care to provide support
- identifying the needs of children and young people early
- making high quality provision to meet the needs of children and young people
- focusing on inclusive practices and removing barriers to learning
- helping children and young people to prepare for adulthood
Other strategies and policies supporting SEND can be found below.
The accessibility strategy shows the vision for children and young people with SEND. We want them all to have:
- an inclusive education
- opportunities to achieve positive outcomes
We want to support them to realise their ambitions and to belong in their wider society.
The strategy has a number of priorities and principles of inclusion. Find out about these in the strategy document below
School accessibility plans
Schools must have a written Accessibility Plan. The Accessibility Plans can be appended to or be part of the SEN Information Report. More information about accessibility plans and the accessibility audit can be found on the page below.
Our vision is for all children / young people with autistic spectrum conditions (ASC) to achieve positive outcomes. We want children, young people and their families to feel supported. We also want them to know they can access services which meet their needs.
Families will receive advice and signposting about the services which are available. They will feel assured that these services can meet their children’s needs. There will be good links with the Cornwall Autism Partnership for adults. This makes sure that issues like transition to adult services, apprenticeships and adult education are easy.
All Council staff working with children will show a good understanding about autism. This includes partners of Cornwall Council. They will know what support to offer young people on the autism spectrum and their families.
The Special Educational Needs (SEN) Code of Practice 2001 advises on a range of strategies for pupils with complex special educational needs:
- to recognise the various complexities of need;
- to recognise the different responsibilities to assess; and
- to meet these needs and the associated range and variations in provision
Some pupils may benefit from attending both a special and mainstream school. The following principles help explain who handles your child's learning.
A child with SEN / Learning Difficulties/Disabilities (LDD) should have their needs met in an appropriate setting. This can be in a special school and a mainstream school. You can register them at both.
We will ask the views of the child and his/her parents.
We will offer children with SEN / LDD full access to a broad, balanced and relevant curriculum.
The Child Support Agency (CSA) will decide whether to seek a dual registered placement. They do this in conjunction with the pupil, the parents and the two schools .
Parents may express a preference for any maintained school they wish for dual registration. The CSA checks that a school can provide the support needed.
Only children with a statement of SEN will be considered for dual registration. Any dual registration agreement will be written into the statement of SEN.
The statutory duties are with the governing body at whichever the child attends on a particular day. Funding arrangements will be transparent and have total clarity.
We will work with the school to provide transport if needed. Costs will be covered by the CSA.
Short-term targets will be set out in an Individual Education Program (IEP). Each school will produce an IEP. This will record that which is additional to or different from the differentiated curriculum plan.
The IEP will include the following information:
- what teaching strategies will be used
- the provision to be in place
- a review date
- the expected outcomes.
It will be reviewed at least once a term.
The school where the child attends for the majority of the time does the annual review. Representatives from both schools will attend.
There are different funding arrangements for the different categories of placement as follows:
Formal dual registration
The school where the pupil is formally dual registered will receive the following funding:
- The age weighted pupil unit (AWPU) for the amount of time in that school, together with
- The band allocation for their time in school.
The deployment of the resources generated will be a decision for the headteacher and governors of the mainstream school.
The place and pupil element of the funding for the time the pupil attends the school. E.g. two days per week in a mainstream school and three days per week in a special school. This will generate for that mainstream school 0.4 of AWPU + 0.4 banding allocation. For the special school it will be 0.6 of place value + 0.6 of pupil element.
A trial placement before dual registration
Some individual pupils will not be formally dual registered although they will be placed in a mainstream school. This will be on a part-time basis for a trial period. The CSA special education budget will support such placements. Decisions on support will be made in conjunction with the two schools and the CSA. The mainstream school will employ a learning support assistant. This post will be paid for from additional funding from the CSA. The mainstream school will manage this member of staff. Such placements are time limited and will not extend for more than two terms. A decision will be made after two terms to move to formal dual registration. This could be either on this funding basis or some alternative arrangement.
Other pupils in special schools will be placed in mainstream schools to gain experience. Support for these placements will come from the host special school budget. Staff used to support individual children or groups of children will be from the special school. They will work in cooperation with the staff in the mainstream school.
Guidance for schools
How the Children and Families Act reinforces schedule 10 of the Equality Act 2010
Schools comply with the Children and Families Act and Schedule 10 of the Equality Act 2010 when they:
- link their accessibility plan to the SEN information report or
- includes the plan within the report
Details of the SEN Information Report requirements are at paragraph 6.79 of the SEND Code of Practice.
Cornwall Council aspire that all SEN Information Reports link to the Cornwall Local Offer. We publish them on the Support in Cornwall website. This helps make sure the Local Offer has a good overview of provision. for children and young people with SEND.
Please send the link to your SEN Information Report to email@example.com.
Find out more on the SEN information report page.
What schedule 10 states about accessibility plans
The responsible body of a school in England and Wales must prepare:
- an accessibility plan
- further such plans at such times as may be prescribed
An accessibility plan is a plan for:
- a) increasing how much disabled pupils take part in the school's curriculum
- b) improving the physical environment of the school to increase disabled pupils' access. This should include all benefits, facilities and services
- c) improving equality in accessing information to all pupils. This is paragraph 3 of schedule 10 to the Equality Act 2010
Main duties of schedule 10
- The duty not to treat disabled pupils less favourably and
- The reasonable adjustments duty. This means taking reasonable steps to avoid disadvantaging disabled pupils
This requires schools to make sure that pupils with SEND can take part in the education provided. It ensures they can enjoy the other benefits, facilities and services provided for all pupils. Many reasonable adjustments are inexpensive. They often involve a change in practice. This is instead of buying expensive pieces of equipment of extra staff.
A school’s duty to make reasonable adjustments is an anticipatory one. The school needs to make plans in advance about what pupils/students with SEND might need. Then they can consider what adjustments to make.
Auxiliary aids and services
Extra provision under the Equality Act 2010 was introduced in September 2012. It relates to the need for schools to provide auxiliary aids and services for disabled pupils. This is part of the Reasonable Adjustment duty. Many auxiliary aids are found in inclusive schools as a matter of course. For example:
- coloured layovers
- pen grips
- adapted PE equipment
- adapted keyboards
- computer software
If a school places a pupil with SEND at a disadvantage compared to other pupils, they must take reasonable steps to try and avoid that disadvantage. Schools will be expected to provide an auxiliary aid or services if this would help achieve equality.
Guidance for families
Is your child disabled under the Equality Act?
The Equality Act says that a person has a disability if they have:
“a physical or mental impairment. The impairment has a substantial and long-term adverse effect on their ability to carry out normal day-to-day activities.”
- Substantial means being more than minor or trivial.
- Long-term means lasting, or likely to last, for at least 12 months.
- A physical or mental impairment includes:
- learning difficulties
- mental health conditions
- hearing impairment
- visual impairment
- medical conditions and hidden impairments such as dyslexia
- developmental coordination disorder
- speech, language and communication difficulties
More information about
- what schools must do to support pupils who have a disability
- what to do if you think your child’s needs are not being met by their school
can be found within the "supporting pupils with a disability in school" section of the physical disability or medical needs page.
When a pupil is identified as having Special Educational Needs (SEN) schools must put effective provision in place. They must ensure that all barriers to learning are removed.
Most pupils with SEN in mainstream schools are provided for at SEN support. This is the support that schools provide for pupils who have identified SEN. But they do not meet the criteria for an Education, Health and Care assessment.
The law requires the Local Authority to set out what it expects educational settings to offer pupils with SEN at SEN Support. This is called the Graduated Response.
The Graduated Response ensures that early years settings, schools and colleges:
- take immediate action when a pupil is identified as having Special Educational Needs (SEN).
- informs the pupil's family as soon as the pupil's SEN is identified.
- works in partnership with the pupil, their parents and carers, including them in decision making.
- removes all barriers to learning by putting effective support for the pupil in place.
- reviews the support put in place for children and young people with SEN at least termly.
- involves the child or young person, their parents and carers in reviews.
- gains advice from specialist professionals if necessary.
- uses Assess, Plan, Do, Review cycles to inform changes to a child or young person's SEN support.
The guidance documents below set out the minimum standards for pupils with SEN across Cornwall.
- Supporting Early Years Special Needs Inclusion - The Graduated Response in Early Years Foundation Stage
- Supporting children and young people with Special Educational Needs - The Graduated Response in mainstream schools
- A guide for parents about Special Educational Needs and Disability (SEND)
- A guide for young people and families to the Graduated Response to Special Educational Needs
The Special Educational Needs and Disability (SEND) Strategy aims to:
- have high aspirations for all children and young people
- narrow the achievement gap between those with SEND and their peers
- include most children/young people in their
- local early years settings
- schools and
The strategy sets out the Council’s high level strategic priorities relating to SEND.
It includes children and young people where their disability has an impact on their education. These children have Special Educational Needs and Disabilities (SEND).
The partners we developed this strategy with are:
- Services from the Education, Health and Social Care Directorate
- Health commissioners and providers
- Mainstream and specialist schools and settings
- Parents/carers of children with special educational needs and/or disabilities
These aims are underpinned by the principles and aims of:
- Cornwall’s Children and Young People’s Plan, and the
- Cornwall Education Strategy
The Mental Capacity Act (MCA) was updated in 2005. It applies to everyone involved in the care, treatment and support of people aged 16 and over. They must be living in England and Wales, and unable to make all or some decisions for themselves.
The act ensures that:
- it empowers those who lack capacity to make as many decisions for themselves as possible
- any decision made or action taken on their behalf considers their best interests
- decisions about mental capacity are made on an individual basis, and may vary according to the nature of the decision.
- someone who may lack capacity to make a decision in one area of their life may be able to do so in another.
Transition from childhood to adulthood
The Care Act says that if someone will have needs when they turn 18, the Local Authority (LA) must assess them. This can be a child, young carer or an adult caring for a child. The Council will assess a child at this stage if we believe there is 'significant benefit' of doing so.
This is regardless of whether the child or individual currently receives any services.
The Social Care Institute for Excellence has developed resources to help with transitions. Council staff, young people and carers can plan for transition to adult care with these resources.
- The Social Care Institute for Excellence. This is an accessible resource about the Mental Capacity Act and its application.
- Mencap’s Mental Capacity Act resource. This aims to make sure that families are involved in best-interests decision-making.
- Transition Information Network - gives information about the transition process in England. It focuses on young people with disabilities transitioning to adulthood.
The Foundation for people with Learning Disabilities. This works to influence government and local authority policies and services. It helps to meet the needs of people with learning disabilities, their families and carers. They also raise awareness of learning disability issues amongst the wider public. This helps breakdown stigma and discrimination.
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