Cornwall Council is responsible for the management of trees and woodlands in a number of ways which include:
As a major landowner the council is responsible for the safety and management of trees and woodlands on its land.
As the highway authority the council is responsible for the management of trees which are growing within the highway. It has the powers (under the Highway Act) to require landowners to undertake works to trees. These are used if a tree might interfere with the safe use of the highway. The council is responsible for a network of approximately 4500 miles of road and nearly 3000 miles of public rights of way and recreational trails.
As the planning authority the council manages trees in Conservation Areas and trees covered by Tree Preservation Orders.
Trees provide a wide range of benefits and have an increasing role in reducing the effects of climate change. It is important that the Council manages trees to maximise these benefits. However, despite these benefits trees can cause problems through nuisance, damage and injury.
Cornwall Council is only responsible for the management or removal of trees growing on its own land or those growing within the limits of the maintained highway.
Management of Cornwall Council's trees and woodlands
The Council is developing plans to manage its woodlands which are open to the public. These are developed with a risk based approach to managing tree safety. Trees with the greatest risk of causing serious harm will receive the greatest attention and trees with a very low risk of causing harm may not receive any attention.
The following factors are considered when deciding to undertake work to trees:
- the risks posed by the tree
- any inconvenience caused to neighbours/complainants
- the wider benefits the tree has to society
- available resources
The Council will not normally prune or remove trees where the issue is as a result of nature or a change of season. These issues include:
- Falling leaves
- Sap exudation (honeydew)
- Falling fruits, nuts or seeds
- Bird droppings
- Reduction or increased moisture to gardens
- Stem sucker growth
- Blockages or obstructions from tree deposits and leaves
- Presence of algae and/or build up of moss
The above are generally considered minor inconveniences. However, each individual complaint will be assessed, and determined upon its own individual circumstances and available budgets.
Additionally the Council will not normally undertake any tree pruning works or remove trees which are causing general shading issues, loss of television signal or shading of solar pv/heat units.
By law you can cut back overhanging vegetation to your legal boundary. This is provided that you offer what you cut off back to the owner and the site is left in a safe condition (and subject to other legal restrictions such as Tree Preservation Orders, Conservation Areas or planning conditions etc). If a tree is on a party boundary then you would be expected to manage the growth on your side of the boundary.