Biodiversity is the variety and variability of life on Earth. It is a form of natural capital that helps to create and maintain our eco-system services. Our biodiversity is in a fragile state and the UK is one of the most nature-depleted countries in the world. 56% of our species are in decline. It is important that the built environment does not cause the loss of biodiversity.
The Biodiversity Guide explains how to deal with biodiversity within the planning process.
It gives advice on every aspect of biodiversity within planning. This includes:
statutory protections, planning legislation, hedgerows, bat and bird boxes and survey requirements. It explains how to secure net gain within the National Planning Policy Framework.
Biodiversity Net Gain is an approach to development. It leaves the natural environment in a better state than beforehand.
It uses the ecological mitigation hierarchy with a biodiversity metric to measure the impact of development on biodiversity.
The Council’s net gain approach
The Environment Bill 2019-2021 will make a 10% Biodiversity Net Gain a mandatory rule in planning. Developments must achieve this net gain within 30 years. Cornwall Council is committed to environmental growth and has introduced Net Gain in advance of the Environment Bill 2019-2021. The Chief Planning Officer Note has required 10% net gain for all major applications since 1st March 2020.
Biodiversity Net Gain uses the DEFRA Biodiversity Metric to measure biodiversity in units. This allows planners and developers to speak the same language and facilitates mutual understanding in how development impacts on the natural world. Cornwall is one of the first councils in the UK to adopt a Biodiversity Net Gain policy at a local level.
- Cornwall Council Chief Planning Officer Note (Recommended simple introduction to Net Gain policy)
- Draft Biodiversity Net Gain Technical Guidance for Developers and Planners (In-depth guidance including Biodiversity Offsetting)
- Cornwall Planning for Biodiversity (All aspects of all biodiversity in development.)
- Cornwall Council Planning Validation Guide (Submission requirements for Biodiversity Net Gain)
- DEFRA Biodiversity Metric Download User Guide and Metric Spreadsheet)
- CIEEM: Biodiversity Net Gain Report and Audit Templates (includes useful templates for Biodiversity Gain & monitoring reporting)
- BSI Standards BS 8683:2021 (Process standards)
- Planning Advisory Service (PAS) FAQ
Current Biodiversity Net Gain Planning Requirements for major development:
- Demonstrate 10% Biodiversity Net Gain
- Submission of Biodiversity Gain Plan
- Submission of Biodiversity Metric V2.0 or V3.0
The council will accept both Biodiversity Metric V2.0 and V3.0 until 1st February 2022. On that date, the council will insist on the use of Biodiversity Metric 3.0.
See the Planning Validation Guide for further details on submission requirements.
Forthcoming changes to Biodiversity Net Gain Policy
- The emerging Cornwall Climate Emergency Development Plan Document contains Policy G2 Biodiversity Net Gain in the Natural Climate Solutions section.
The council expects to adopt this document towards the end of 2021 or in early 2022. The Development Plan Document will then supplant the Chief Planning officer Note. A Supplementary Planning Document will also accompany the Cornwall Climate Emergency DPD.
- Minor developments: The Cornwall Climate Emergency Development Plan Document includes minor developments in its net gain policy. Minor developments will therefore soon need to use the recently released Small Sites Metric. The council will publicise this introduction through this webpage and through validation updates. It will also introduce to the Planning Agents forum.