A simple emergency plan must show that you have:
- A suitable fire detection system.
- A process for identifying false alarms.
- A clear understanding of who calls 999.
- A clear passageway to all escape routes.
- Suitable routes and exits for people to escape.
- Clearly marked escape routes – these should be as short and direct as possible.
- Emergency doors that open easily – and emergency lighting if it is needed.
- Providing training so your employees know how to use the escape routes
- Set out a safe meeting point for staff.
- Considered the needs of anyone who might not be able to escape quickly if there's a fire. For example, wheelchair users or people with visual impairments.
Find guidance about how to consider the needs of people with disabilities on the gov.uk page:
Other important topics to cover include:
- What to do on discovering a fire.
- How to warn others if there is a fire.
- Calling the fire brigade.
- Evacuation of the premises including those particularly at risk.
- Power/process isolation.
- Places of assembly and roll call.
- Liaison with emergency services.
- Identification of key escape routes.
- What firefighting equipment you provide – and where it is located.
- Everyone's specific responsibilities in the event of a fire.
Remember to test your emergency plan by practising it regularly.
It depends on your circumstances. If you answer 'yes' to any of the following, you'll need to record the plan:
- The environment you're responsible for is licensed – for example, a pub, club, theatre of cinema.
- You are an employer and have five or more employees.
- An Alterations Notice under the Fire Safety Order requires it.
For further guidance on emergency planning refer to:
- The Government Fire Risk Assessment Guide applicable to your business type
- Our Housing Fire Safety page for blocks of flats