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You are here: Penwith on the Web/Living in Penwith/Sustainable Development and Improvement (Planning and Building Control)/Local Plan
Penwith District Local Plan
Adopted 2004
Local Plan Menu
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1 Introduction
2 The Local Plan Area
3 Plan Strategy
4 Objectives
5 General Development Guidance
6 Coast and Countryside
7 Towns and Villages
8 Housing
9 Employment
10 Tourism
11 Recreation
12 Transportation
13 Community Services
14 Environmental Appraisal
15 Monitoring and Review
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Proposals Map
Inset Map
Plan Help
Terms and Conditions
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AFFORDABLE HOUSING : housing for sale or rent which is available to those who cannot afford to occupy houses generally available on the open market.

AGRICULTURAL LAND CLASSIFICATION : classification by the Department of Environment, Food and Rural Affairs of land according to its agricultural quality and versatility.

AMENITY : the pleasantness (of a place).


ANCIENT WOODLANDS : woodland where there has been continuous cover since at least medieval times to the present without being cleared for use other than timber production.

AREA OF GREAT HISTORIC VALUE (AGHV) : a County designation in the Cornwall Structure Plan which recognises the extent of survival and density of archaeological and historical sites.

AREA OF GREAT LANDSCAPE VALUE (AGLV) : a County designation in the Cornwall Structure Plan identifying landscapes of importance.

AREA OF GREAT SCIENTIFIC VALUE (AGSV) : a County designation in the Cornwall Structure Plan which defines areas to act as 'buffers' around the most important and sensitive nature conservation sites.

AREA OF OUTSTANDING NATURAL BEAUTY (AONB) : nationally important landscape areas designated under the National Parks and Access to the Countryside Act, 1949.

ARTICLE 4 DIRECTION : an order which means that planning permission is required for classes of development that would normally be permitted development.

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BIODIVERSITY : the variety of animal and plant life and the habitats that support them.

'BROWNFIELD' SITES : sites that have been previously developed.

BUILDINGS OF LOCAL SIGNIFICANCE : buildings which are of local social or historical importance or which make a contribution to the character and appearance of an area but which are not LISTED BUILDINGS.

BUNKHOUSE BARNS : converted buildings containing basic facilities for communal camping use.

BUSINESS USES : uses which fall within Class Bl of the Town and Country Planning (Use Classes) Order, 1987, (as amended) for example offices, research and development, studios, laboratories and light industry and which are capable of being carried out in a residential area.

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CAMPING BARNS : converted buildings with very limited facilities and used for overnight shelter.

CARAVAN : a structure, of specified dimensions, designed or adapted for human habitation which is capable of being moved (including being towed or transported) and any motor vehicle so designed.

CHALETS : holiday accommodation built as individual units or in blocks and usually single storey. Often built to a lower standard than permanent residential accommodation.

CONSERVATION AREAS : areas, designated by local authorities under the Planning (Listed Buildings and Conservation Areas) Act, 1990, which are of architectural or historical interest and where it is desirable to protect and enhance the character and appearance.

CORNWALL WILDLIFE TRUST (CWT) : Cornwall based group responsible for designating local sites of conservation value or interest.

COUNTRYSIDE STEWARDSHIP : a scheme administered by the Department of Environment, Food and Rural Affairs which provides financial incentives to farmers, estate owners, voluntary bodies and local authorities to protect, enhance and regenerate certain types of landscape and habitats.

COUNTY GEOLOGICAL SITES (CGS) : locally important sites identified by Cornwall RIGS Group.

COUNTY WILDLIFE SITES (CWS) : sites of local ecological importance designated by the CORNWALL WILDLIFE TRUST.

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DERELICT LAND : land so damaged by industrial or other development that it is incapable of beneficial use without treatment.

DEVELOPMENT : all building, engineering, mining or other operations or any material change of use in buildings or land.

DEVELOPMENT PLAN : a term used to describe the statutory plans for an area including the Structure Plan, Local Plan and plans related to specific matters such as Minerals and Waste Disposal.

DISTRIBUTION USES : uses which fall within Class B8 of the Town and Country Planning (Use Classes) Order, 1987, for example wholesale warehouses.

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EDGE OF TOWNS AND VILLAGES : a site that immediately adjoins the built up area of a town or village.

ENVIRONMENTALLY SENSITIVE AREAS (ESA) : areas selected by the Department of Environment, Food and Rural Affairs for their nationally important scientific, historical and landscape value which is dependent on specific farming practices. Farmers are compensated for following practices which benefit the environment.

EQUESTRIAN ESTABLISHMENT : facilities such as indoor and outdoor riding schools and developments associated with horse breeding, training and hire.

'EXCEPTIONAL' SITES : sites which would not normally be granted planning permission but which may be acceptable for locally needed AFFORDABLE HOUSING.

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FARM DIVERSIFICATION : projects linked to existing farms which supplement farm income.

FLUVIAL DEFENCES : works intended to protect land from flooding by rivers.

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GENERAL DEVELOPMENT ORDER (GDO) : Government regulations which define the types of development which do or do not require planning permission.

GENERAL INDUSTRY : industrial uses which fall within Class B2 of the Town and Country Planning (Use Classes) Order, 1987, ie. uses not within Class Bl (Business).

'GREENFIELD' SITES : sites that have not been developed previously.

GROSS FLOORSPACE : the total floor area of a building measured to the outside of the external walls.

GYPSIES : persons of a nomadic habit of life, whatever their race or origin, but not including travelling showmen or those associated with circuses.

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HERITAGE COAST : attractive and largely undeveloped lengths of coastline designated as being of national importance by the Countryside Agency.

HISTORIC PARKS AND GARDENS : sites identified by English Heritage as being of particular interest and quality by reason of their historic layout, features and architectural ornaments.

HISTORIC SETTLEMENTS : settlements, the boundaries of which are defined by Cornwall County Council, which had achieved Borough status before 1600 and where there is therefore likely to be important below ground archaeological and historic remains.

HOUSES IN MULTIPLE OCCUPATION (HIMOs) : properties which are divided into a number of dwelling units which are not self-contained.

HOUSING REGISTER : a list of people in need of accommodation who meet criteria set out in the Housing Acts.

HOUSING STRATEGY STATEMENT : a statement of the Council's housing policies. INFRASTRUCTURE : roads, essential services and community facilities.

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LANDSCAPE DESIGNATIONS : a general term used to encompass the AONB, AGLV and Heritage Coast designations.

LANDSCAPING : a general term used to describe the use of trees, shrubs or grass (soft landscaping) and/or walls, fences and paving (hard landscaping) to blend development with its surroundings.

LARGE SCALE VOLUNTARY TRANSFER (LSVT) : transfer of the Council's housing stock to a locally based REGISTERED SOCIAL LANDLORD.

LISTED BUILDINGS : nationally significant buildings identified by the Secretary of State for Culture, Media and Sport on the advice of English Heritage as being of special architectural or historical interest.

'LIVING OVER THE SHOP' (LOTS) : a non-profit making consultancy which works with local authorities, REGISTERED SOCIAL LANDLORDS and property owners to encourage the use or re-use of vacant space above retail or other premises for housing.

LOCAL COMMUNITY SERVICES : the term used in the Local Plan to define services provided by the District or Parish Councils, voluntary bodies and charities.

LOCAL NATURE RESERVES : areas of local nature conservation value designated by the Local Planning Authority in conjunction with English Nature.

LOCAL NEEDS HOUSING : housing which meets a clearly identified need for accommodation by people living or working in, or otherwise closely connected to, a particular locality such as a village, a parish or a wider defined area. (See also AFFORDABLE HOUSING).

LOCAL TRANSPORT PLAN (LTP) : Cornwall County Council produce the Local Transport Plan, the document sets out a comprehensive plan for all types of transport in Cornwall and includes an explanation of how the services are to be provided.

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MOTORISED CARAVANS : self propelled caravans used for holidays.

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NATIONAL TRUST : an independent charity which promotes the permanent preservation of land with outstanding natural features and buildings of beauty and historic interest.

NET FLOORSPACE : the floor area of a building used for the primary activity but excluding toilets, service installation and storage areas.

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OBJECTIVE ONE : Objective One is one of three programmes set up to help reduce differences in social and economic conditions within the European Union. Objective One is the highest priority designation for European aid and is targeted at areas where prosperity, measured in Gross Domestic Product (GDP) per head of population, is 75% or less of the European average.

OPEN AREAS RELATED TO SETTLEMENTS : largely undeveloped areas close to or within towns and villages which are important in terms of their contribution to the form, environmental quality and character of the settlement.

OUTSTANDING PLANNING PERMISSION : a current valid planning permission which has not yet been implemented.

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PARK AND RIDE : a scheme whereby parking provision, usually outside a town, is linked by a 'bus or train service to a nearby centre.

PLANNING OBLIGATION : a voluntary legal agreement between the Local Planning Authority and an interested party or a unilateral undertaking by an individual or developer under Section 106 of the Town and Country Planning Act, 1990, to secure certain measures related to a planning permission.

PLANNING POLICY GUIDANCE (PPG) : guidance on a range of subjects issued by the Government.

PLANNING POLICY STATEMENT (PPS) : sets out the Government's national policies on different aspects of land use planning in England

PRIME SHOPPING AREA : the core of a town's shopping area where it is intended to maintain a high percentage of retail outlets.

PROPOSALS MAP : the map, or series of maps at varying scales, which illustrates the precise sites and areas affected by the policies and proposals of the Local Plan. It is accompanied by a WRITTEN STATEMENT.

PVCu WINDOWS/DOORS : windows and doors manufactured from plastic usually with double glazing.


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REAR SERVICING : facilities to deliver goods to the rear of commercial premises and shops usually in town centres.

RECYCLING : the collection, treatment and reuse of materials.

REGIONAL PLANNING GUIDANCE (RPG) : guidance issued by the Government relating to the English Regions.

REGISTERED SOCIAL LANDLORD (RSL) : non profit making friendly societies that provide and manage housing for people in need.

RENEWABLE ENERGY : continuous energy flows that occur naturally in the environment from the sun, the wind, the oceans, plants and the fall of water together with energy from waste materials.

RESORT TOWNS : towns which are popular destinations for holiday makers and contain a range of facilities and accommodation.

RIGHT TO STAIRCASE : the right to increase the percentage owned in a SHARED OWNERSHIP property.

ROADSIDE FACILITIES : facilities such as petrol filling stations, restaurants and rest areas for use by the travelling public.

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SCHEDULED ANCIENT MONUMENTS (SAMS) : nationally important sites and structures protected under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 and the National Heritage Act 1983.

SCREENING : use of fencing, walling, planting or bunding to conceal or limit the visual impact of development.


SERVICE INDUSTRIES : businesses which provide a direct or indirect service to the public but which do not involve the manufacture of goods.

SHARED OWNERSHIP : whereby a property is part owned by the occupier and part rented from a REGISTERED SOCIAL LANDLORD, with the parts relating to a percentage of the property value.

SITES OF SPECIAL SCIENTIFIC INTEREST (SSSIs) : nationally important areas identified by English Nature for their flora, fauna, geological or physiographic features.

SPECIAL INDUSTRIAL USES : industrial uses which used to fall within Classes B3 to B7 of the Town and Country Planning (Use Classes) Order, 1987 but which have been deleted and fall within Class B2, GENERAL INDUSTRY.

STATIC CARAVANS : caravans that are stationed on site all year round and which are often large and of a uniform design.

STORAGE OR DISTRIBUTION USES : uses which fall within Class B8 of the Town and Country Planning (Use Classes) Order, 1987, (as amended) for example repositories.

STRUCTURE PLAN : a strategic planning document which sets out broad levels of growth for the County and contains policies on issues of County-wide significance but which does not identify specific sites for development or the precise boundaries of areas to be protected.

SUSTAINABILITY : concept related to the present and future use of natural and cultural resources.

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TELECOMMUNICATIONS : communications at a distance by cable, telegraph, telephone or radio.

TELECOMMUNICATIONS EQUIPMENT : the apparatus required for transmitting and receiving including masts, towers, aerials, dishes and satellite television receivers.

TIDAL DEFENCES : works intended to protect land from flooding by the sea.

TOURING CARAVANS : caravans towed by a vehicle and used for holidays.

: an annual document prepared by the County Council and submitted to the Government in support of bids for funding for transport projects and initiatives.

TRANS-SHIPMENT DEPOT : a facility specifically provided to enable goods to be transferred from one mode of transport to another, for example from rail to road, or from one size of vehicle to another.

TRAVEL TO WORK AREA (TTWA) : a defined area, relevant to employment patterns, which is used for the presentation of, for example, unemployment statistics.

TREE PRESERVATION ORDER (TPO) : an order made and confirmed by a Local Planning Authority to protect individual trees or groups of trees from lopping, topping or felling without prior consent.

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WATER RELATED RECREATION : recreational activities focused on the sea, lakes, reservoirs, other waterbodies or watercourses for example, sailing, wind surfing, power boating and diving.

WATER SERVICES : a general term used to encompass the provision of surface and foul water drainage, sewage treatment and water supply.

WRITTEN STATEMENT : a document which forms part of a statutory DEVELOPMENT PLAN and sets out the Local Planning Authority's policies and proposals together with a reasoned justification. It is accompanied by a PROPOSALS MAP and in the event of any conflict between the content of the Statement or Map the provisions of the Written Statement prevail.

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