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You are here: Penwith on the Web/Living in Penwith/Sustainable Development and Improvement (Planning and Building Control)/Local Plan
Penwith District Local Plan
Adopted 2004
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Environmental Monitoring
Figure 3: Current and Proposed Monitoring, Penwith Local Plan
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Local Plan Menu
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1 Introduction
2 The Local Plan Area
3 Plan Strategy
4 Objectives
5 General Development Guidance
6 Coast and Countryside
7 Towns and Villages
8 Housing
9 Employment
10 Tourism
11 Recreation
12 Transportation
13 Community Services
14 Environmental Appraisal
15 Monitoring and Review
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15.1.1 In order to ensure that the policies and proposals of the Plan are implemented effectively it is necessary to monitor decisions on applications and developments taking place. Monitoring is also important in identifying when review of the Plan is required.

15.1.2 Plans have to be reviewed regularly in order to keep them relevant and up to date. Changing local circumstances, unforeseen matters arising and significant changes in national policy guidance all contribute to a need for review. PPG 12 “Development Plans and Regional Planning Guidance” advises that plans should be reviewed at least once every five years and emerging guidance on the new development plan system advises that “review and monitoring are key aspects of the Government's 'plan, monitor and manage' approach to the planning system.”

15.1.3 Monitoring and review is an ongoing process and, to an extent, has been incorporated in the Plan preparation process. Between the Deposit stage and adoption, for example, the Plan has been redrafted to reflect changes in national policy guidance.

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15.2.1 The Plan Objectives (Section 4) provide the basis for monitoring the effectiveness of the Local Plan and, in the case of housing and industrial land provision, specific targets are identified for the Plan period which conform with the level of provision already approved in the Structure Plan. Wherever relevant and practical, monitoring will be co-ordinated with the work being carried out by the County Council to monitor the Structure Plan. An officers group, which consists of Forward Planning Officers from each of the six Districts and from the County Council, has been established to ensure that monitoring is being performed on a uniform basis throughout the County and in line with Government requirements. Specific policies and policy areas will be monitored in order to determine both their effectiveness and the extent to which the objectives are being met.

15.2.2 A considerable amount of information is already gathered on a regular basis which will continue to contribute to the monitoring process. Monitoring Reports on Housing and Employment policies are produced on an annual basis; monitoring of other policy issues is being developed with additional analysis to be carried out as required. Figure 3 sets out current and proposed areas of work.

15.2.3 Integration with the Council’s budgets and Capital programme, sources of grant assistance, local and national regeneration programmes and those of Government Agencies will be a key element in fully implementing many of the Plan’s objectives and it is intended that, as part of the monitoring process, links with related work will be continued, or further developed. This approach includes not only coordination with monitoring of the Structure Plan but with the Council’s Community Plan, Housing Strategy, Economic Development programme and its other functions and responsibilities including the Conservation Service, Sustainable Communities agenda and community regeneration.

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Environmental Monitoring

15.2.4 A particular area of work that needs to be developed is the establishment of an environmental baseline and appropriate methods of recording environmental changes. Information relevant to the indicators used in the Environmental Appraisal (Section 14) is available from a wide range of sources. In addition to the monitoring of planning applications and development affecting designated areas and the use of land and buildings, sources within the Council include environmental health records of air quality and Home Energy Conservation Act (HECA) reports, Local Agenda 21 information and recycling data. Cornwall County Council records include information on traffic and trip generation, mineral reserves and waste disposal/reduction while other agencies, such as English Nature, the Cornwall Wildlife Trust, the Countryside Agency, DEFRA, the Environment Agency and English Heritage, all hold relevant data.

15.2.5 Wherever possible environmental monitoring will be co-ordinated with the work being done by other agencies, for example through the Cornwall Environmental Records Centre or by contributing to the monitoring report for the Cornwall Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty (AONB) Management Plan.

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Figure 3: Current and Proposed Monitoring, Penwith Local Plan

Housing Survey (Annual)
(Objectives 7, 8, 9, 11, 13, 20)
- (E) Housing Monitoring Report
- (E) supply of sites with planning permission or under construction;
- (E) completions;
- (E) analysis by location (town, major village, other); type (affordable, general market); site type and size;
- (E) densities.
Industrial Land Survey (Annual)
(Objectives 7, 8, 9, 11, 14, 19)
- (E) Employment Monitoring Report
- (E) supply of sites allocated, with planning permission or under construction;
- (E) sites developed;
- (E) loss of serviced land and buildings;
- (E) supply of premises;
- (E) occupation and use;
- (P) analysis of job creation/retention by site.
Previously Developed Land (Annual)
(Objectives 11, 12)
- (E) housing completions and supply;
- (E) industrial land developed and supply;
- (P) to be extended to other uses;
- (B) availability of sites (in conjunction with national NLUD survey).
Re-use of Buildings (Annual)
(Objective 11)
- (E) housing completions and supply;
- (B) industrial and business completions and supply;
- (B) other uses.
Retail (Annual)
(Objectives 7, 16, 21)
- (E) town centre surveys, units developed, occupied, vacant;
- (E) major proposals permitted/refused.
Tourism (Annual)
(Objectives 7, 18, 19)
- (E) applications/developments, tourist attractions;
- (E) applications/developments, increase/loss of holiday accommodation;
- (E) occupancy conditions.
Recreational provision (Annual)
(Objectives 7, 21)
- (E) recreational land.
Use of ‘Greenfield’ Sites - (E) housing completions and supply;
(Objectives 1, 2, 3, 11) - (E) industrial land developed and supply.
Analysis of Decisions and Development by Policy Area or Designated Area
(Objectives 1, 2, 3, 16)
- (P) as required.
Environmental monitoring
(Objectives 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 10, 11, 12, 15, 22)
- (P)  (to be developed).
Economic Indicators (ongoing)
(Objective 19)
- (E) unemployment statistics;
- (E) Census of Employment;
- (E) anti-poverty/deprivation indicators.
Appeals (quarterly) - (E) analysis of success rate.
Decisions contrary to Policy (quarterly) - (E) applications decided contrary to policy or treated as departures.

(E) Existing
(B) Being developed
(P) Proposed

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15.3.1 The Plan provides for the period to 2011, which coincides with the current Cornwall Structure Plan end date and relates to two thirds of the new Structure Plan which is due to be adopted later in 2004. Monitoring, particularly of housing and employment land provision, will be carried out in the context of the new Structure Plan, once adopted, as well as the Local Plan to ensure that policies remain relevant.

15.3.2 The anticipated process of review or alteration will, however, be changed by the introduction of the new development plan system, which is proposed to be in place later in 2004. The new system will continue to provide a two tier development plan but with a Regional Spatial Strategy (RSS) for the south west of England replacing the Cornwall Structure Plan and a Local Development Framework (LDF) progressively replacing the Local Plan.

15.3.3 The Local Development Framework will comprise a folder of separate documents relating to different issues which are likely to be prepared at different times. As the statutory documents (Development Plan Documents) are adopted they will, over a period of time, replace the relevant policies in the Local Plan. However, the Local Plan will be 'saved' in the new Framework for 3 years or until such time as its policies are replaced. The programme for preparing these documents will be informed by the results of monitoring and changes in national or regional guidance. The central document in the Framework will be the Core Strategy which will set out key spatial policies for development in the District, for example the amount of new housing to be provided and, in general terms (towns and villages), where it will be located; it is envisaged that preparation of the Core Strategy will follow from preparation of the Regional Spatial Strategy. Local Development Documents have to be in conformity with the Regional Spatial Strategy in the same way that the Local Plan is in conformity with the Structure Plan.

15.3.4 In terms of review of the Local Plan policies, therefore, the priority will be to ensure a continuing supply of land, and source of relevant and up to date guidance, for future development needs. The programme for review will be prepared and published in the context of the new system as a Local Development Scheme. There will also be a requirement to prepare an Annual Monitoring Report on the Local Development Framework which will incorporate existing monitoring reports on the Local Plan.

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