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School types

There are 271 state-funded schools in Cornwall.  The numbers of each type of school are shown in the table below and a description of each school type is given after the table.

Summary of school types in Cornwall

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School typePrimary schoolsSecondary schoolsSpecial schools  Total

Community (LA maintained)

23

1

0

24

Voluntary-controlled (LA maintained)

2

0

0

2

Voluntary-aided
(LA maintained)

7

0

0

7

Foundation Trust
(LA maintained)

23

4

0

27

Academy (State-funded independent)

179

26

4

209

 

235

31

4

269


In addition to the above state-funded schools, there are also 7 Alternative Provision Academies in Cornwall.  More information can be found on the Wave Multi Academy Trust website.

Community school

A community school is a local authority maintained school.  The local authority:

  • employ the staff
  • set the admissions criteria in line with the School Admissions Code
  • own the land and buildings

Foundation school

A foundation school is a local authority maintained school which is run by its own governing body who:

  • employ the staff
  • set the admissions criteria in line with the School Admissions Code
  • usually own the land and buildings unless owned by a charitable foundation

Voluntary-controlled school (VC)

A VC school is a local authority maintained school.  The local authority:

  • employ the staff
  • set the admissions criteria in line with the School Admissions Code

The land and buildings are normally owned by a charity, often a religious organisation, which also appoints some of the members of the governing body.

Voluntary-aided school (VA)

A VA school is a local authority maintained school where the governing body:

  • employ the staff
  • set the admissions criteria in line with the School Admissions Code

The land and buildings are normally owned by a charitable foundation, often a religious organisation.

Trust school

A trust school (or foundation trust school) is a type of foundation school which forms a chartitable trust with outside partners e.g. businesses or educational charities, aiming to raise standards through sustained and strategic partnerships.  Shared trusts allow schools to work together sharing resources and best practice.

Co-operative trust

A Co-operative trust is a model of trust which includes the Co-operative Society as a member (usually via the Co-operative College) and seeks to embed Co-operative values.  As well as partners, it will include a stakeholder forum in which parents, pupils, staff and other stakeholders can be involved and have a say in how the trust is run.

Academy

An academy is a state-funded independent school, set up in partnership with the Department for Education.  The academy trust serves as the legal entity which the school is part of, and the governing body oversees the running of the school, including:

  • employing the staff
  • setting the admissions criteria in line with the School Admissions Code

Free school

A free school is a type of independent, state funded school that has been set up in response to local demand for new school places by a wide range of proposers including charities, universities, businesses, educational groups, teachers or parents.  Free schools have a similar legal status to academies and are funded on a comparable basis to other state-funded schools and are subject to the same Ofsted inspections. 

Independent school (non-maintained)

These are schools, funded by school fees, which are independent from national and local government finances, governance and operations.