Deprivation

Cornwall as a whole is not deprived but there are neighbourhoods with consistently high levels of deprivation. 

“Deprivation covers a broad range of issues and refers to unmet needs caused by a lack of resources of all kinds, not just financial“  said Jeremy Rowe, the Cabinet Member for Localism and Chair of the Cornwall Health and Wellbeing Board. “Many of the services Cornwall Council delivers aim to assist households with unmet needs.  This is also the case for services we deliver with partners such as the NHS, police services and the voluntary and community sector.“

The Indices of Multiple Deprivation 2015 data show that Cornwall is now ranked 143 out of 326 local authority areas for deprivation (where 1 is having the highest proportion of the population living in the most deprived neighbourhoods).The 2010 data  showed that Cornwall ranked 154.

The data shows:

  • 17 neighbourhoods are among the most deprived (worst 10%) in England
  • 5% of neighbourhoods in Cornwall are among the most deprived in England.
  • Treneere in Penzance is considered the most deprived area in Cornwall.  In 2010 the IMD data ranked Pengegon in Camborne as the most deprived area in Cornwall.
  • Three areas are no longer among the most deprived in Cornwall (compared to the 2010 release).

There is not one single factor for the increase in the number of deprived areas. But initial analysis has indicated that a mixture of changes to the methodology and worsening indicators for health and crime, in some deprived neighbourhoods, has had an impact on the rankings.

  • Cornwall has a higher than average level of carers, so the addition of Carer's Allowance claimants to the Employment domain of the IMD data will have led to a decline in ranking for some neighbourhoods.
  • There has been a significant deterioration in the health domain for the most deprived neighbourhoods, with the mood and anxiety disorders indicator being significantly worse than for other areas.
  • Out of work benefit claimant rates for many of these neighbourhoods were high when the data was collected, possibly reflecting a slight lag in recovery from the recession compared to other areas.
  • Rankings for the crime domain have also declined significantly for some deprived neighbourhoods.

The Indices measure deprivation in its broadest sense by assessing a range of indicators relating to income, employment, health and disability, education, skills and training, barriers to housing and services, crime and the living environment.  The data is combined to produce a single deprivation score for each area – allowing the different areas to be ranked relative to each other according to their level of deprivation. This information is then used by local authorities and other organisations to help identify areas that would benefit from special initiatives or programmes and as a tool to determine eligibility for specific funding streams.