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Grants to Voluntary, Community and Social Enterprise Organisations

Cornwall Council follows the definition given in the “Local transparency guidance – Publishing spending and procurement information.” The Code defines voluntary and community sector organisations as “a non-governmental organisation which is value-driven and which principally reinvests its surpluses to further social, environmental or cultural objectives”.

Social enterprises are defined as “a business that trades for a social and/or environmental purpose and is a business which:

  • aims to generate its income by selling goods and services, rather than through grants and donations
  • is set up to specifically make a difference, and
  • reinvests the profits it makes for the purpose of its “social mission”

Cornwall Council has highlighted the following of types of organisations which may have been included in the grants/spending extract.

  1. organisations registered with Charity Commission England and Wales, Office of the Scottish Charities’ Regulator and the Charity Commission for Northern Ireland
  2. organisations of social benefit, often registered as companies limited by guarantee, but which choose not to register as charities. (For example Business Improvement Districts which are not for profit.)
  3. hived-off parts of former statutory services, for example residential care homes, sports and recreation centres, usually registered as companies limited by guarantee, or with the Charity Commission
  4. housing associations (not Capital Grants Payments, although these may have appeared in previous years data)
  5. co-operatives, mutual and social economy bodies and/or registered as Community Interest Companies (CIC)
  6. community groups with some degree of organisation, but without registered status
  7. ad hoc steering groups and economic and community development bodies, often newly-created for the purpose
  8. partnerships and hybrid bodies, with independent status
  9. churches and religious groups (where they are funded to provide socially-driven services, for example play for children but not preschool play groups or breakfast or afterschool clubs, older people’s groups),
  10. independent research institutes and units
  11. recreational and sports clubs of community benefit
  12. may include charitable funds held by any other local government body
  1. NHS Trust funds
  2. universities, adult education colleges (higher and further education institutions) and all Voluntary-Aided or Foundation schools i.e. the maintained education sector, even where it has charitable status
  3. all other exempt charities, for example private trusts
  4. work-based co-operatives and economic co-operatives such as the Co-operative Society and mutual building societies
  5. all Government agencies and non-departmental public bodies that have charitable status (for example, the Arts Council England, the National Institute of Adult Continuing Education, the Big Lottery Fund)
  6. sports clubs which operate exclusively for profit, including most professional football clubs
  7. private social and sports clubs that have a closed membership (for example most golf clubs), except where they can demonstrate wider public benefit.

Please note the following

For the 2016/17 extract Cornwall Council has changed the way that it has analysed its spend in relation to the publication of this information, compared to the previous year's published information.

In 2015/16 we included spend which was not only grant funded, but all of the spend with VCSE organisations which included contracted services and grants for capital projects, which is over and above the Code requirements.

In order to comply more fully with the revised 2015 guidance and in line with other Councils, some categories of expenditure and types of organisations in the extract have been removed for the 2016/17 data (for example, capital grants payments to housing associations), which in turn has made the spend amount look smaller than previous years and therefore a direct comparison against previous years is not possible. However this is a more accurate representation of the council’s grant expenditure and comparative analysis in future years will be much easier.

The analysis of expenditure for 2016/17 was undertaken solely on the amount spent through the council’s grant payment codes:

  • Grants and Contributions to Other Bodies - Non Discretionary
  • Grants and Contributions to Other Bodies – Discretionary

This expenditure was from revenue funds only and no capital grants or projects were included in the analysis.