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Orchards - Recommended Varieties

The National Fruit Collection at Brogdale, Kent contains many of these National varieties and some of the Cornish varieties. For more information see: www.brogdale.org/ or the Friends of the National Fruit Collections: http://www.fruitforum.net/.

Culinary and Dessert Varieties

  • Ben's Red (Eater)Penzance. Seedling of Dev. Quarrenden, grows on its own roots. Flat fruit, flushed and streaked dark red with russet dots and tracings on apex and base.
  • Blackamoor Red (Cooker)Tamar. Fruit lobed and similar to a small Bramley, acid green with a dull purple/red flush. Flavour acid with a little sweetness and suitable for cooking.
  • Breadfruit (Eater)Tamar. Green with flush/stripes. Distinctive, sweet/slightly astringent. Cooks dry, good for tarts. Eater from October.
  • Colloggett Pippin (Cooker/Cider)Tamar. A huge pale greenish/yellow apple, red flush & bold stripes. Acid but makes good dumplings. Makes a fine Champagne type cider when used on its own. Makes a large tree.
  • Cornish Aromatic (Eater)Cornwall. Greenish-yellow/yellow flushed orange-red. Distinctly ribbed. Sweet with acidic bite, aromatic and slightly spicy. Good cropper Tree is vigorous upright spreading with a lot of young growth
  • Cornish Gilliflower (Eater)Truro
  • Cornish Pine (Eater)Truro. Pleasant pineapple flavour and tender flesh. Do not keep too long. Can suffer canker. May grow on its own roots
  • Duke of Cornwall (Cooker)
  • Early Bower (Eater)E Cornwall. Pale green, turning pale yellow, dotted. Sweet. "The apple" for its fresh apple scent.
  • Hockings Green (Dual)Pop SE Cornwall. Green with slightly dimpled skin.It likes warm, wet weather, very hardy.Cook in Nov for tarts/baked apple(small core). Eat Christmas when plain and wholesome.
  • Improved Keswick (Cooker)Tamar
  • King Byerd (Cooker)Green turning yellow with red flecks and grey russet. Prolific cropper/ Good keeper. Slight scab. Useful Christmas-Easter.
  • Manaccan Primrose (Dual)Lizard. Green turning yellow, with faint flush. Cooker late Aug-Sept. Pleasant and refreshing eater, slightly sharp.
  • Meil D'Or (Eater)Believed to be the famous old Cornish var. Dawe Apple (Door, Miles Dawe, Malé D'Or, Mary Dawe etc) Probably syn. Oslin. Shrubby tree in growth producing ariel roots. Fruit is very sweet, pale greenish yellow with orange brown flush and patchy russett and russett dots
  • Onion Redstreak (Cooker)Tamar
  • Pascoe's Pippin (Eater)M/Cornwall
  • Pear Apple (Eater)M/Cornwall
  • Pig Nose (Helston, JE VI) (Cooker)W/Cornwall
  • Queenie (Eater)Tamar. The St Dominic apple. Beautiful dark red, flat apple with faint darker stripes and pale dots.Skin waxy with a bloom. Flesh stained red and sweet, aromatic and fruity. Not ripe until it falls or just before. Keep a week or two. Similar to or same as Devon Crimson Queen.
  • Snell's Glass Apple (Cooker)Tamar. Yellow cooker, modest grower, easily maintained
  • Sweet Merlin (Eater)M/Cornwall
  • Tregonna King (Dual)Wadebridge. Very disease resistant. Similar to King of the Pippins. Tree strong upright, then drooping. Good for baking end Oct. Keeps well for eating at Christmas
  • Venus Pippin (Eater)Very tender flesh, Juicy but slightly acid and sweet. Yellow apple. Thought to have been called 'Plum Bidy' in Launceston area. (See 'Plum Vite' in National Apple Register.
  • White Quarantine (Eater)M/Cornwall. Large, pale yellow waxy apple. Long stem, strong smell. Soft, quite sweet but definite acidity.

Cider Varieties

  • Capt John Broad (Cider)M/Cornwall. Bittersweet, once popular in Golant. V vigorous. Green with slight stripe and russet. Grows on its own roots
  • Colloggett Pippin (Cooker/Cider)Tamar. A huge pale greenish/yellow apple, red flush & bold stripes. Acid but makes good dumplings. Makes a fine Champagne type cider when used on its own. Makes a large tree.
  • Hamlyn (Cider)M/Cornwall
  • Lord of the Isles (Cider)M/Cornwall. Large, flat green apple withbold red stripes. Keeps well. Cooks well but goes dark. Vigorous tree with rounded crown. A reliable heavy cropper.
  • Tan Harvey (Cider)Tamar. Smallish, yellow with orange flush
  • Tommy Knight (Cider/Desert)M/Cornwall. Green turning yellow with red flush, stripes and russet. Small. Pick mid Oct and keep until June. Sweet and juicy.

The following varieties are all known to have been traditionally grown and generally do well in Cornwall.

  • Adams Pearmain (Eater)Norfolk, Popular C19th. Handsome. Rich, aromatic, nutty flavour; firmly textured. Essential for Victorian and Edwardian Dessert.
  • American (Cornish) Mother (Eater)Mass., USA. Distinct, sweet perfumed, aromatic flavour with exotic flavour. Good looks. The 'Cornish Cox'.
  • Annie Elizabeth (Cooker)Leics.. Popular Victorian apple. Keeps shape. Esteemed stewing apple. Attractive blossom.
  • Beauty of Bath (Eater)Bath. Common in old Cornish orchards. Distinctive, fairly acid taste, doesn't keep.
  • Blenheim Orange (Cooker/ Eater)Oxon.. Pop. C19th apple. Addictive plain nutty taste; crumbly texture; good with cheese. Cooks to stiff purée (good for apple Charlotte) or keeps shape. A strong limbed tree.
  • Bramley's Seedling (Cooker)Notts. Ubiquitous cooker. Cooks to pale cream purée with strong acidity and flavour. Can be eaten after storage.
  • Catshead (Cooker)An old traditional apple (C17th +). Cooks to quite acid, firm purée.
  • Duke of Devonshire (Eater)Cumbria. Intense, sweet-sharp, fruit drop flavour. Popular Edwardian apple.
  • Gascoyne's Scarlet (Eater)Kent. Highly decorative, exhibition apple with delicate flavour.
  • Gladstone (Eater)Kidderminster. Old variety dating from C18th. Sweet, refreshing acidity, crisp yet soft, melting flesh. Popular early apple until 1960's.
  • Golden Noble (Cooker)Norfolk. Cooked, keeps its form; sharp, well flavoured, but not as acidic as Bramley. Can be eaten in spring. Prized Victorian and Edwardian Cooker.
  • Lady Sudeley (Eater)Kent. Spectacular, quite sweet, strongly flavoured. Heavily promoted in 1890's to compete with imports. Highly decorative tree in blossom.
  • Lord Lambourne (Eater)Bedford. Slight strawberry flavour with plenty of refreshing acidity; sweet, juicy, crisp flesh. Widely grown in gardens.
  • Lucombes Pine (Eater)Exeter. Fine russet freckles over gold. Strong acidity suggestive of pineapple; firm flesh. Good juice.
  • Mere de Menage (Cooker)Spectacular, boldly striped flushed in carmine; often very large. Cooks to a purée, sweet, not very juicy. Rec. for apple Charlotte. Widely grown in C19th
  • Newton Wonder (Cooker)Derbyshire. Cooks to cream, juicy purée. Baked, creamy, quite frothy. Makes a brisk, fruity eating apple late in season Widely grown. Often biennial.
  • Royal Jubilee (Cooker)Middx. Large classic cooker in Cornwall. Keeps shape, quite sharp, slight pear-like quality. Used for topping 'apple cake', juice, storing as purée and processing
  • Worcester Pearmain (Eater)Worcester. May be Devon Quarrenden seedling. Bright red and sunbaked, densely sweet with intense strawberry flavour; firm, juicy, white flesh. Decorative tree. Widely grown since late 1800's.

Please see our Nurseries page to see Nurseries Supplying Westcountry Varieties of Fruit Trees

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