Waste Disposal and Integrated Waste Management
Last updated: 17/09/2013
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In 2006 Cornwall County Council entered into a 30 year
Integrated Waste Management PFI Contract (IWMC) with SITA Cornwall
Ltd for the management and disposal of Cornwall Council’s municipal
The IWMC was based upon the development of new and improved
recycling facilities including Household Waste Recycling
Centres (HWRCs), Material Recovery Facilities (MRFs),
composting facilities, landfill development, Refuse Transfer
Stations (RTS) and the design and construction of an Energy
from Waste facility with combined heat and power.
HWRCs are locations where residents can deposit bulky waste,
green waste and recycling. Currently there are 13 sites
operating throughout Cornwall and the overall recycling rate
currently stands at 62% of all materials delivered to the
facilities. A Vehicle Permit system is in operation at these
sites to reduce unauthorised use by traders. .
- Material Recovery Facilities
MRFs are located at Pool and Bodmin where dry recyclables
collected from the kerbside are sorted and bulked before they are
transported to recycling reprocessors. A waste education
centre is also based at the Bodmin MRF where tours of the facility
Cornwall Council’s last remaining municipal landfill is located
at Connon Bridge. This site will continue to be used until the
Cornwall Energy Recovery Centre (CERC) is completed in 2016.
Thereafter, it will be used to landfill the small amounts of waste
that cannot be processed by the CERC until planning permission for
the site ends in 2018.
At refuse transfer stations waste from local residents is
collected and bulked up before being delivered to the end disposal
point. These facilities exist at St Erth, Newquay, St
Austell, Launceston and Pool.
planning application for permission to construct an Energy from
Waste facility with combined heat and power, at St Dennis was
submitted in 2008. Following a lengthy legal battle,
including a public inquiry, the Supreme Court upheld the decision
of the Secretary of State and planning permission for this facility
was gained in July 2012. Work on the development is split into 2
phases. Phase 1 includes the construction of a haul and access road
and completed in August 2013. Phase 2 includes the building of the
Energy from Waste facility, known as the Cornwall Energy Recovery Centre and
is due to start in September 2013.
Background on Integrated Waste Management
Cornwall's Waste Local Plan (WLP) was developed over a number of
years and adopted in December 2002, after wide public consultation
and a public inquiry at which the government inspector endorsed the
Integrated Waste Management approach. In 1999, during the
preparation of the WLP, independent consultants considered
different possible scenarios for managing waste in future, using
combinations of various management methods and technologies.
Computer modelling was used to verify their findings. All
aspects - including the likely amount of waste in 25 years' time,
future recycling and composting levels, environmental impacts and
transport, regulatory requirements and siting for necessary waste
treatment facilities - were taken into account.
Integrated Waste Management (IWM)
Integrated waste management is a comprehensive system for
managing waste which uses a number of different collection and
treatment methods and technologies, according to which is most
appropriate for which waste. It is a tailored approach, which
places the emphasis on recycling and recovering value from waste
wherever possible, and it enables us to protect the environment and
conserve valuable resources, while generating a small income from
sales of materials and energy to help offset some of the costs of
dealing with waste safely.
Waste management companies bidding for the contract to manage
Cornwall's waste were left to set out their own ideas of how those
objectives could best be delivered. Only options, which were
technically proven, environmentally sound and economically viable,
were considered. Bidders were also informed that the mix of options
had to include waste minimisation, recycling and composting
activities and be designed to minimise the quantity of untreated
waste being sent to landfill for disposal.
The procurement process was conducted according to strict EU
rules following the Invitation to Negotiate process. The
Council's bid evaluation team assessed bids received from the
industry but elected Members of Cornwall County Council made
the final decision on whether or not to enter into an IWM
Integrated Waste Management Contract
Revised Project Agreement
The Integrated Waste Management Contract, signed in October
2006, included the requirement to obtain planning permission for
the Energy from Waste facility by 30 March 2010. The failure to
obtain planning permission prior to this longstop date gave
Cornwall Council the contractual right to either terminate the IWM
Contract or instruct Sita Cornwall Ltd to propose a draft revised
project plan. Sita Cornwall Ltd was instructed to proceed with a
revised plan and the restated Project Agreement was signed in March
2013. In order to mitigate against the increase in costs caused by
the delay in obtaining planning permission, the contract has been
extended until 31 August 2039.
A copy of this agreement can be obtained by emailing firstname.lastname@example.org and leaving
your full name and address or by contacting the Refuse and
Recycling Team at Cornwall Council.
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