Localism in action
The Localism Bill was introduced to Parliament on 13 December 2010 and the Localism Act was passed on 15 November 2011.
The Localism Act takes power from central government and hands it back to local authorities and communities - giving them the freedom and flexibility to achieve their own ambitions.
The Government has published a plain English guide to the Localism Act. Different parts of the Act will come into effect at different times.
Main measures included within the Localism Act
The five key measures included within the Act cover community rights, neighbourhood planning, housing, empowering cities and other local areas and the general power of competence.
The main measures of the Localism Act fall within four headings:
- New freedoms and flexibilities for local government
- New rights and powers for communities and individuals
- Reform to make the planning system more democratic and more effective
- Reform to ensure that decisions about housing are taken locally
The Localism Act has introduced new rights and powers for communities and individuals.
The Community Right to Challenge provides opportunities for voluntary and community bodies, charities, town and parish councils and two or more employees of the authority to submit an Expression of Interest (also known as an EOI) to run local authority services, where they believe they can do so differently and better.
The Community Right to Bid provides town and parish councils and local voluntary and community organisations with the right to nominate local land or buildings which they believe to be of importance to their community's social well being, for inclusion in a list of assets of community value.
Localism Act Bite size guides
- Neighbourhood plans
- Community right to challenge
- Freedoms, flexibility, transparency and governance