Last updated: 31/10/2013
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You will find information here about the Lord-Lieutenant of
Cornwall and his role and responsibilities, together with
links to related websites and wider information.
The current Lord-Lieutenant of Cornwall is Colonel
Edward Bolitho OBE
Address: Chyandour Office, Penzance, TR18 3LW
Telephone: 01736 363021
For general enquiries on Lieutenancy or related matters
The Cornwall Lieutenancy Office, County Hall, Truro, Cornwall,
Telephone: (01872) 322100
Links to further information:
Role and Responsibilities of
The Lord-Lieutenant is Her Majesty The Queen's personal
representative in the county. The appointment is made by The Queen
on the advice of the Prime Minister and the Lord-Lieutenant
normally serves until retirement at 75 years of age. Although the
role is historic, the Lord-Lieutenants have a modern and practical
role. They co-ordinate Royal visits. They present certain honours
and awards on behalf of The Queen, promote the honours system and
assess certain nominations. They encourage the voluntary and
charitable sectors. Many Lord-Lieutenants participate in
citizenship ceremonies and chair the Lord Chancellor's Advisory
Committees which appoint magistrates. The specific role and
functions performed by each Lord-Lieutenant vary widely depending
on the Lieutenancy itself, the geography (i.e. physical size),
population density, number of Royal visits and Lieutenancy
engagements, economy and other factors.
The Isles of Scilly are regarded as part of the Cornwall
Lieutenancy by virtue of the Lieutenancies Act 1997.
The Vice Lord-Lieutenant and
The Lord-Lieutenant is supported by a Vice Lord-Lieutenant and
by Deputy Lieutenants, whom he appoints from people who have
rendered particular service to the county in a variety of
ways. The number of deputies depends on the size of the
population. At present the Lord-Lieutenant of
Cornwall is allowed up to 37 deputies.
The Vice Lord-Lieutenant for Cornwall is Michael
Galsworthy, CVO, CBE, DL
Address: Trewithen, Grampound Road, Truro, TR2 4DD
Tel: (01726) 882418
The Lord-Lieutenant is also supported administratively by the
Clerk to the Lieutenancy, which is a role often taken on by the
office of the Chief Executive of the Local County Council or in
Cornwall's case, the unitary authority, Cornwall Council.
The Clerk to the Lieutenancy
is Paul Masters
Address: Cornwall Lieutenancy Office, County Hall,
Truro, Cornwall, TR1 3AY
Tel: (01872) 322100
The Lieutenancy Support Team (based in the same office as above)
The High Sheriff of Cornwall
High Sheriff of Cornwall for 2013-14 is James Kitson,
Address: Metherall Gard, Morval, Looe, PL13 1PN
Tel: 01503 240940
The Under Sheriff of Cornwall is Philip
Address: Office of the Under Sheriff, 3 Cross Lane, St Austell,
Tel: (01726) 74433
The Office of High Sheriff is an independent non-political Royal
appointment for a single year. The origins of the Office date back
to Saxon times, when the ‘Shire Reeve’ was responsible to the king
for the maintenance of law and order within the shire, or county,
and for the collection and return of taxes due to the Crown. Today,
there are 55 High Sheriffs serving the counties of England and
Wales each year.
Whilst the duties of the role have evolved over time, supporting
the Crown and the judiciary remain central elements of the role
today. In addition, High Sheriffs actively lend support and
encouragement to crime prevention agencies, the emergency services
and to the voluntary sector. In recent years High Sheriffs in many
parts of England and Wales have been particularly active in
encouraging crime reduction initiatives, especially amongst young
people. Many High Sheriffs also assist Community Foundations and
local charities working with vulnerable and other people both in
endorsing and helping to raise the profile of their valuable work.
The High Sheriff Association adopted DebtCred and Crimebeat in
recent years in response to specific areas of need.
High Sheriffs receive no remuneration and no part of the expense of
a High Sheriff’s year falls on the public purse. The High
Sheriff's role is an annual appointment, commencing in March each
of Previous High Sheriffs
History of the Cornwall Lieutenancy
The office of Her (or His) Majesty’s Lieutenants for Counties
was established in England by the Tudors in the sixteenth century
when France and Spain threatened the country’s safety. County
Lieutenants were appointed for ‘suppressing commotions, rebellions
or unlawful assemblies’.
The Lieutenant’s supporters - the local gentry – were at
first an informal group who could help when needed, but they
gradually became formally appointed as Deputies. Cornwall was one
of the first counties to have officially commissioned Deputy
Lieutenants, in 1569.
The Lieutenancy was responsible for organising and training the
local militia - the able-bodied men of the county
- who were expected to provide their own armour and weapons.
Pitchforks and pikes were apparently much in evidence. Gunpowder
was sometimes stored in the local church, as the safest building in
the parish, with occasional predictable consequences.
During the Civil War and Commonwealth in the seventeenth century
the office of Lord Lieutenant lapsed, but was reinstated by Charles
II at the restoration of the monarchy in 1660.
Many ‘disturbances of the peace’ at that time in Cornwall led to
the formation of local militia regiments under the command of the
local gentry: Edgcumbe, Coryton, Trelawny, Trevanion, Vyvyan,
Arundel, Godolphin. It was the Deputies’ task to make sure that all
the parishes collected a local rate to pay for arms, powder and
By the eighteenth century the County Lieutenants had acquired
another duty and another title, that of ‘custos rotulorum’ or
‘Keeper of the Rolls’. It was their responsibility to appoint
magistrates: local Justices of the Peace who were charged with the
smooth running of the county’s business, at their quarterly
meetings or ‘Sessions’. Maintenance of roads and bridges, the
county gaol, supervising the work of parishes in caring for the
poor, licensing pedlars and meting houses, and dealing with minor
misdemeanours, all generated a good deal of business,
recorded on long pieces of parchment which were rolled up for
storage. The Lord-Lieutenant represented the Crown and the Lord
Chancellor and was therefore responsible for the ‘good management’
of the records.
Most of the eighteenth century was peaceful at home, the only
threats being in 1715 and 1745 when the Scots attempted to put the
Stuarts back on the throne. But from the 1780s into the early years
of the nineteenth century there was a real danger that the French
might invade. The records from this time read like a script of
‘Dad’s Army’ – would the elaborate plans for defending the Cornish
coast really have worked? Some of the Deputies feared the
local population, armed with their pikes, as being more formidable
than the French.
In 1871 responsibility for the local militia was removed from
the Lord-Lieutenant’s jurisdiction, but until 1921 he (as they all
were then) could still call up able bodied men ‘in real case of
After the Militia Act of 1882 Deputy Lieutenants had no military
duties at all, but still had to be commissioned military officers,
and this qualification lasted until the 1960s when ‘civil
qualifications’ were accepted.
It is the duty of the Lord-Lieutenant to meet and attend The
Queen and members of the Royal family on visits to Cornwall (and
the Isles of Scilly) unless the visit is a private one.
A member of the public who wishes to issue an invitation to a
member of the Royal family may submit the invitation direct to the
Household concerned, but Households much prefer the invitation to
be submitted through the Lord-Lieutenant. This allows the
Lord-Lieutenant to offer an opinion on the merits of the proposal
considered in the context of other invitations and visits.
Cornwall enjoys visits from most members of the Royal family on
a regular basis. There are approximately 10 visits a year to
all parts of Cornwall, and usually the Lieutenancy can arrange
these to meet the expectations of the hosts. The
Lord-Lieutenant welcomes early enquiries about potential
invitations so that he can build up a sensible pattern of visits
throughout the year and contact the relevant Households with
The Lord-Lieutenant expects to take the lead in coordinating
arrangements for the visit, and all enquiries should be directed
through the Lieutenancy Office.
notes are available to help you plan for a royal visit, either
by downloading from the link here or by requesting a leaflet from
the Lieutenancy Office
(Photo of The Duke and Duchess of Cornwall at the opening of the
Integrated Health Centre at Penair School, Truro, in July
Birthday Messages from Her
Majesty The Queen
A message from The Queen is automatically sent on a person's
100th, 105th and subsequent birthdays.
You can also request that The Queen sends her congratulations on
Diamond (60th), 65th and Platinum (70th) wedding anniversaries and
every year thereafter.
The delivery of these congratulatory messages is arranged
by the Anniversaries Office at Buckingham Palace.
Application forms are available online or you can write to the
Lieutenancy Office who can make the application on your behalf.
Honours nomination forms can be downloaded direct from the
Cabinet Office website www.gov.uk/honours.
Royal Garden Parties
Every year Her Majesty The Queen hosts a number of
royal garden parties at Buckingham Palace. Over the years these
have evolved into a way of rewarding and recognising public
service. Approximately 30,000 people attend each year from
all walks of life. The Lord-Lieutenant has a small number of
invitations allocated to Cornwall each year and these go to people
that have been nominated for some form of recognition for the
contribution they have made in their local communities.
Queen's Award for
Queen’s Award for Voluntary Service is the highest award given
to volunteer groups across the UK for outstanding work done in
their local communities. Information about what work the award is
given for, who decides on the nominations, and when the
announcement of winners is made can be found online using the link
above. Nomination forms are also available to download,
together will full guidance and detailed information about the
Queen's Award for Enterprise
The Queen's Awards for Enterprise are highly prestigious awards
for outstanding achievement by UK businesses in the categories of
Innovation, International Trade and Sustainable Development. The
Queen's Award for Enterprise Promotion is awarded to individuals
who encourage entrepreneurial skills and attitudes in others.
The awards are made annually by Her Majesty The Queen, and are
only given for the highest levels of excellence. They are judged to
a demanding level and winners receive a number of benefits and
Previous corporate winners have come from a diverse selection of
business sectors and have included large and small businesses.
Recipients of the individual award have been from varied social and
The closing date for entries is the last working day of
September each year and the winners are announced on 21st April the
For more information including the links to the online
application and nomination forms visit https://www.gov.uk/queens-awards-for-enterprise.
For further enquiries call The Queen’s Awards Office helpline on
020 7215 6880 or email firstname.lastname@example.org.
Lord-Lieutenant's Fund for
In 2005 the Lord-Lieutenant's Fund for Youth was launched by
Lady Mary Holborow and the Vice Lord-Lieutenant, Michael
Galsworthy. The Fund aims to support achievement and inspire
exceptional ability wherever it's found amongst youth in
Cornwall. The intention is to help youngsters who have
demonstrated an outstanding talent and aptitude in one way or
another - whether in the field of sport, the arts, voluntary
service, science or enterprise, amongst many other possibilities -
but who cannot progress their chosen career or ambition
because of personal or family hardship, or disability.
The Lord-Lieutenant's Trust Fund is supported by donations from
individuals, the business community in Cornwall and further
afield. The Fund is administered by the Cornwall Community
Foundation and further information
and application form are available on line. Any applications
for funding should be made direct to the Cornwall Community
If you feel able to support this important project by making a
donation, then please contact the Lord-Lieutenant via the Cornwall
Community Foundation, Suite 1, Sheers Barton, Lawhitton,
Launceston, PL15 9NJ or telephone: 01566 779333.
This award is a living memorial to the Rt Revd Sir Jonathan
Trelawny and his place in the affections of the Cornish.
Bishop Trelawny, 3rd Baronet of Trelawne, was
incarcerated in the Tower of London with six fellow Bishops in 1688
accused of seditious libel. They had petitioned against the
order of King James II that they should support his Declaration of
Indulgence, which seemed to promise toleration for Protestant
dissenters but which was actually intended to win them to Roman
Catholicism. The Declaration was strongly opposed,
particularly in Cornwall. They were found not guilty and
released on 30 June 1688, a date that he always celebrated.
On his return to Cornwall bonfires were lit from hilltop to hilltop
and people lined the turnpikes to welcome him back.
His incarceration in the Tower was immortalised in the Cornish
Anthem, 'The Song of the Western Men', better
known simply as 'Trelawny', written over a century later by Parson
Robert Stephen Hawker, vicar of Morwenstow.
And shall Trelawny live?
Or shall Trelawny die!
Here's twenty thousand Cornish men
Will know the reason why!
The Trelawny Plate Award is presented every two years to an
individual who is considered to have made an outstanding
contribution to providing inspiration for the Cornish and evoking
pride in Cornwall. The plate itself, which was the personal
property of the Bishop, is presented by the Trelawny family in
Pelynt, the Bishop’s home parish, on the 30th June, the
anniversary of the Bishop’s release from the Tower. This date
is still celebrated as Trelawny Day in Pelynt.
The first person to receive this Award was Bishop Bill Ind,
Bishop of Truro, in 2007, followed by Tom Henderson,
OBE (Founder of Shelterbox) in 2009.
The previous Lord-Lieutenant of Cornwall, Lady Mary Holborow,
DCVO, received the Award in 2011. The Citation
are linked here for information.
In 2013, the Award was presented to Professor Alan Livingston